Amazon Forest, biO2 expedition 2018 video: Ricardo Ortiz
Why in the Amazon?
According to the Instituto Chico Mendes (ICMBio), the Amazon Forest is today the largest biome in the world, including nine countries of South America like Brazil, Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana and Suriname. There are around 40 thousand species of plants, 300 species of mammals, 1.3 thousand species of birds that inhabit 4.196,943 km2 of dense and open forests and not less than 60% of all this biome is found in the Brazilian territory.
According to the editorial article of the Science Advances journal published in 2018, the Amazon deforestation is about to reach an irreversible limit. Almost 20% of its areas have been deforested – and if it reaches 25%, it will cause a drastic change in the vegetation and in the climate not only locally, but in different cities in Brazil and in South America countries.
Area of deforestation for agriculture – Amazon Forest, biO2 expedition 2018 photo: Ricardo Ortiz
This will happen because the Amazon is responsible for releasing a huge amount of water vapor to the atmosphere that is transported through the air chain and that promotes rains in other regions of the country and of the South American continent, thus ensuring the fauna and flora survival, which, if not protected, will be affected together with the landscapes that will become more degraded, with a thin, sparse vegetation and then with low biodiversity.
Much is said, and few is done. biO2 has a sincere commitment with the Amazon and, regardless of the situation being larger and more complicated than our possibilities to help, our priority is to never give up. When we think with our hearts, the limits are only details.
Thats is why…
biO2 aimed to gather the neutralization of all the carbon emitted in expeditions with decrease of the air pressure of the Amazon Forest, which is very rich in biodiversity and that suffers negatively with the anthropic impacts.
Everything we do at some moment issues greenhouse effect gases into the atmosphere. Therefore, we adopted the Carbon Neutralization Program through IDESAM program that COMPENSATES the amount of CO2 issued by us through the PLANTATION of a necessary number of trees to compensate, considering they remove CO2 from the atmosphere throughout its development.
The plantation of trees happens in the Ecological Reservoir of Uatumã, North of Amazonas, in a model of Agroforest Systems, that is, a combination of different fruitful and/or wood tree species in areas that have already been degraded of the forest.
The plantation is of native trees like Cocoa, Diesel Tree, Andiroba, Aniba rosaeodora, açaí, among others. Thus, in addition to restoration and plantation of native species of the biome for forest conservation, it is also an alternate system of income for riparian communities.
Açaí seedlings – Amazon Forest, biO2 expedition 2018 photo: Ricardo Ortiz
Carbon compensation is not immediate and CO2 capture through the trees happens throughout its life development and mainly in its first 20 years.
Report – Amazon Inspection
In April of 2018, the biO2 expedition team visited the Uatumã Sustainable Development Reservoir (RDS) to inspect and live the plantation of native trees in the Amazon biome. The biologist Maysa Santoro and the filmmaker Ricardo Ortiz spent three days in the reservoir visiting different communities associated with the Neutral Carbon program (PCN) IDESAM.
One of the visited communities was the 01 Agroforest System, where part of the trees corresponding to the first biO2 expedition were planted, which emitted 8.4 tons of equivalent carbon (tCO2 eq). Of the 28 trees calculated for compensation, 19 were planted in this area. During the visit, the team planted other two Açaí trees in this area.
Agroforestry System 01 – Amazon Forest, biO2 expedition 2018 photo: Ricardo Ortiz
Not all the trees are planted in the same community, the aim is to make an income distribution to all the riparian families associated with PCN IDESAM and, thus, reforest the biome in all the regions of ecological reservoir need.
Another visited community was the 13 Agroforest System, where we planted the trees corresponding to the second and third editions of the biO2expedition that together were in charge of issuing 28.2 tCO2eq, totaling 93 trees plants for compensation.
The team also visited the 18 Agroforest System and planted two trees of Andiroba (Carapa guianensis), a native tree whose extraction is done through the seed for use of the oil with phytotherapeutic propriety, especially antiinflammatory one. The places also use it as a cosmetic and natural repellant.
With this program, biO2 seeks to unite the environmental preservation of the planted trees (both the fruits and oils and even the wood itself) with the perspective of future for family livelihood and even local and surrounding commerce.
It is important to highlight that it is possible to have an income source without harming the environment, on the contrary, working effectively for its conservation!
Due to the importance of the Amazon Forest preservation for the good functioning of the local ecosystem, of other country cities and other South America countries, the adoption of PCN IDESAM is an initiative that is strongly related to the mitigation of negative impacts to the environment and serving as an example that it is possible to preserve and take care of nature, at the same time that it is possible to build a future perspective through the income source generated by plantations.
Respecting the forest that is everyone’s, especially for future generations. Satisfying the present needs without compromising future generations of fulfilling their own needs, this is SUSTAINABILITY.
It is a social and environmental duty that needs to be practiced by all of us.
Amazon Forest, biO2 expedition 2018 photo: Ricardo Ortiz
We take to the Neutral Carbon Surveillance bars and shakes biO2 Protein açaí flavor with banana and coconut and Peruvian apple that made the scenery of native trees original perfectly, like coconut and Açaí, in the Amazon Forest. These trees are even part of the PCN IDESAM program, in which the communities plant seedling of the respective species for biome reforestation.